Publié le April 11, 2024 | Updated on June 21, 2024

Gianni Paganini : De Bayle à Hume

Tolérance, hypothèses, systèmes

This book is based on the conviction that understanding Pierre Bayle's philosophy requires placing it in the context of the great debates of the century. Scepticism and rationalism were not incompatible, as long as the former demanded critical reason and the latter involved research that rejected all dogmatism. The notion and method of hypothesis gained ground, promoting tolerance and sparking the polemic against the spirit of system. David Hume was one of Bayle's major readers. From the Pyrrhonian phase of the Treatise to the academic phase of the First Enquiry, Hume progressed from rejecting hypotheses to making increasingly daring conjectures in the study of body-mind relationships and in the criticism of experimental theism advanced in the Dialogues. This approach reveals the radical aspects of both Bayle's and Hume's philosophies, without oversimplifying one as sceptical and the other as empirical.

Book available: Honoré Champion

This book was published with the support of the Collegium de Lyon-Institut d'études avancées.

  • Editor
    Honoré Champion
  • Author(s)
    Gianni Paganini, an emeritus professor at the University of Piedmont (Vercelli), has authored several works on seventeenth- and eighteenth-century philosophy and science. These include Analisi della fede e critica della ragione nella filosofia di Pierre Bayle (Florence 1980), Le débat des modernes sur le scepticisme (Paris, Vrin, 2008, awarded by the Académie Française), and Les philosophies clandestines à l'âge classique (Paris, PUF, 2005).

    In 2019, he was a Fellow at the Collegium de Lyon.