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Raffaele
Carbone

Philosophie - talie

Discipline(s)

  • PHILOSOPHIE

Thèmes de recherche

PROJET

MÉDECINE ET 'SCIENCE DE L'HOMME' ENTRE MONTPELLIER, PARIS ET NAPLES DANS LA DEUXIÈME MOITIE DU XVIIIE SIÈCLE

The aim of my project is to examine the links between medical research, its philosophical basis and the new idea of the science de l’homme, emerging from the works of the Montpellieran and Neapolitan physician-philosophers in the second half of the 18th century, with a view to stressing the influence of the former on the latter, as well as the critical reworking to which the Neapolitan medical school subjected the theories formulated in France in the light of the peculiarity of the local context. My project is formulated on two planes, one historical, the other more theoretical. On the one hand, it will examine the flow of medico-philosophical ideas between Montpellier, Paris and Naples, while on the other, it will, by means of this reconstruction, analyse the new idea of the science of man that emerged in the above-mentioned Euro-Mediterranean cultural centres in the second half of the 18th century and which, by opposing certain metaphysical tendencies of Cartesianism, was based on physiology and the enrichment of medicine from an anthropological perspective. The research will take in the period between the publication of La Caze’s Idée de l’homme physique et morale (1755) and Bordeu’s Recherches sur le pouls (1756), both well-known to the Neapolitan authors, and the execution of Domenico Cirllo (1799) at the tragic end of the Neapolitan Republic, the end of an important period for the South, both culturally and politically.

Activités / CV

BIOGRAPHIE

Raffaele Carbone collaborates with the Federico II University in Naples. He was postdoctoral research assistant in History of philosophy at the Faculty of Educational Sciences of the University of Salerno and research fellow at the Centre d’Histoire des Systèmes de Pensée Moderne, Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris). He is a member of the editorial office of the review RTH, Research Trends in Humanities, Education & Philosophy and of the team working on the research project Transmed! Pensée méditerranéenne et conscience européenne, a project financed with funds from the Office franco-allemand de la jeunesse. His research interests focus on the science of man, cultural difference, imagination and power relationships in Modern Philosophy (Renaissance-Enlightement).

PUBLICATIONS PRINCIPALES

BOOKS

  • Différence e mélange in Montaigne: Mostri, metamorfosi, mescolamenti, Milan-Udine, Mimesis, 2013.
  • Infini et science de l’homme. L’horizon et les paysages de l’anthropologie chez Malebranche, Naples, La Città del Sole - Paris, Vrin, “La pensée et l’histoire” Coll., 2007.

ARTICLES

  • “Different levels of language in Montaigne”, in Philosophie et langage ordinaire de l’Antiquité à la Renaissance, edited by J.-M. Counet Louvain-la-Neuve/Louvain-Paris, Editions de l'Institut Supérieur de Philosophie, Editions Peeters, 2014, p. 153-172.
  • “‘Il est bon de savoir quelque chose des moeurs de divers peuples…’: Customs and Reason in Montaigne and Descartes”, in Montaigne Studies, Year XXV, 2013, p. 119-128.
  • “‘Voye de la raison’ et ‘voix commune’ (Essais I, 31): reconnaissance de l’autre et mise en cause de la logique duelle”, in Rouen 1562. Montaigne et les Cannibales, Proceedings of Convention organized by J.-C. Arnould (CÉRÉdI) and E. Faye (ÉRIAC) (University of Rouen, Octobre 2012), Publications numériques du CÉRÉdI, Actes de colloques et journées d’étude, n° 8, 2013, p. 1-12.
  • “Pratica filosofica e interculturalità”, in Mente, corpo, filosofia pratica, interculturalità. Scritti in memoria di Vanna Gessa Kurotschka, edited by G. Cacciatore, G. D’Anna, R. Diana, Milan, Mimesis, 2013, p. 117-132.
  • “Diderot e Spinoza: Materialismo, idea del tutto, storia della natura”, in the proceedings of the international convention Ontologia e temporalità. Spinoza e i suoi lettori moderni (Naples-Salerno, 26th-28th March 2009), edited by G. D’Anna and V. Morfino, Milan, Mimesis, 2012, p. 195-216.
  • “Malebranche et les pouvoirs de l’imagination” (avec K. Vermeir), dans Rivista di storia della filosofia, 4, 2012, p. 661-669.
  • “Commerce et obligation mutuelle entre les hommes et les autres créatures chez Montaigne”, in L’Art du comprendre, 21, La nature et son souci. Philosophie et écologie, 2012, p. 39-54.
  • “Genesi e decadenza del linguaggio. Segni, parole e società tra Malebranche e Vico”, in Bollettino del Centro di Studi Vichiani, Year XLI, 1, 2011, p. 16-41.
  • Imagination, corps et rapports de pouvoir selon Malebranche”, in Camenae, 8,  L’imagination/la fantaisie de l’Antiquité au XVIIe siècle, edited by N. Corréard, Ch. Pigné, A. Vintenon, December 2010.
  • “Identité et différence culturelle chez Vico”, in L’Art du comprendre, 19, L’identité humaine et ses fonctions culturelles: autrui et soi en actuelle question, 2010, p. 113-132.